States have expressed concern about the effects of social media

According to Ashwini Vaishnav, the minister for electronics and information technology, states across the nation have expressed concern about the effects of gaming, pornography, and social media on institutions and have asked the federal government to draft laws that could effectively regulate and control these things.

After meeting with state IT ministers at the ongoing India Mobile Congress, Vaishnav told reporters that almost all states had expressed concerns about the impact of social media and had suggested tougher legislation to regulate intermediaries.

“Many states exchanged their top techniques,” Vaishnav explained that this aids other states in modeling their own laws, rules, and policies after these best practices.

The minister reported that the government has begun receiving positive comments on the draft telecom bill that it had made available for public comment.

“We are getting a very good sense of how the industry feels, and most people have been positive about the bill.” “We have requested written suggestions from the industry about its concerns regarding the definitions of OTT” (over-the-top), as there are concerns about them,” he said.

The minister stated that the ministry was also working on the Digital India Act and Personal Data Protection Bill, which would be uploaded soon for comments.


  • Who told reporters that almost all states had expressed concerns about the impact of social media?

Ans.  Vaishnav

  • Who is Ashwini?

Ans.  The minister for electronics and information technology

  • On which ministry is working?

Ans.  Digital India Act and Personal Data Protection Bill

LEDs When Compared To Traditional Lighting Solutions

Here are the top-15 blessings of mild emitting diode (LED) lighting generation. They are listed sequentially primarily based totally on their importance, beginning with the most important item:

LED Lighting Advantages Compared To Traditional Lighting

1. LED Light Lifespan:

Easily the best benefit of LEDs, even as in comparison to conventional lighting solutions, is the prolonged lifespan. The commonplace LED lasts 50,000 operating hours to a hundred,000 walking hours or extra. That is -four instances as long as maximum fluorescent, steel halide, or even sodium vapor lighting fixtures. It is greater than forty instances so long as the commonplace incandescent bulb.

Less frequent possibility technique big topics: decrease protection expenses in phrases of tough paintings and reduce costs for replacement components (due to the fact the bulbs absolutely do no longer fail for a long time).

2. LED Energy Efficiency:

LEDs generally eat very low portions of strength. The records to search for at the same time as evaluating the general electricity performance of several slight answers are referred to as with the useful resource of one in every of terms: luminous efficacy or beneficial lumens. These gadgets basically describe the quantity of light emitted in keeping with the unit of power (watts) ate up with the resource of the bulb. In our enjoy most LED lighting fixtures, retrofit initiatives result in a 60-seventy five% development within the not unusual strength basic performance of the power’s lighting. Depending on the triumphing lights and the specific LEDs set up, the savings might be extra than ninety%. You will have a study some case studies here.

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For a few comparisons among LEDs and the rest of the lighting fixtures generation obtainable, have a look at the subsequent links:

LED vs. CFL (compact fluorescent lighting fixtures)

LED vs. Fluorescent Lights

LED vs. HID (high depth discharge lighting; e.G., Steel halide)

LED vs. HPS (excessive-strain sodium lighting)

LED vs. Incandescent Lights

LED vs. LPS (low-stress sodium lighting)

3. Improved Safety with LEDs:

Safety is possibly the most often not noted benefit with regards to LED lighting. The number one chance almost about lighting is the emission of heat. LEDs emit almost no beforehand warm temperature, while conventional bulbs like incandescents convert extra than 90% of the overall strength used to power them right away into warmness. That way, most effective 10% of the electricity powering incandescent lighting is used for mild (which moreover makes them relatively inefficient compared to LEDs). Additionally, because LEDs devour a good buy a lot less power, they could function effectively on low-voltage electric systems. These are usually an awful lot greater at ease on the occasion that some aspect is going wrong.

4. LED Lights are Physically Small:

The real LED device is particularly small. Small strength devices may be an awful lot a whole lot less than a 10th of an unmarried mm2 on the identical time as large electric devices can, though, be as small as an mm2. Their small size makes LEDs quite adaptable to the infinite quantity of lights applications. Different uses for LEDs embody a big spectrum from their roots in circuit board lights and site traffic symptoms to trendy temper lights, residential and commercial belongings packages, or even most important, stadium lighting fixtures. You can study approximately the facts of LED lighting fixtures proper right here or the lighting fixtures in the present day proper here.

5. LEDs Have Great Color Rendering Index (CRI):

CRI is a dimension of a slight’s functionality to show the real shade of gadgets in contrast to an amazing slight supply (natural light). High CRI is generally an applicable characteristic (in spite of the truth that of a direction, it’s miles predicated upon on the desired software program software application). LEDs generally have very excessive (right) scores in phrases of CRI.

Perhaps the great way of comprehending CRI is to study a direct assessment amongst LED lighting (with an excessive CRI) and a conventional lighting fixture solution like sodium vapor lamps (which normally have horrific CRI ratings and are in some instances nearly monochromatic). See the subsequent photo to assess and have a look at the two instances:

LED Lighting Conversion (Retrofit) For LPS Outdoor Lighting at Storage Facility


The form of feasible values for the first-rate LED lights is usually amongst sixty-5 and ninety 5, it really is taken into consideration incredible. You can have a look at greater approximately CRI right here.

6. LEDs Generate Directional Emissions:

LED technology emits mild for the only one hundred eighty degrees. Every specific shape of mild emits mild 360 levels in the course of the delivery. Three hundred sixty degree emissions necessitate accessory devices to mirror or redirect the mild. This drives up the expenses for the device is preferred and unavoidably outcomes in losses that means that the device is continually an awful lot a whole lot much less green than it in any other case may be. Consider a light that emits moderate into the ceiling – this is your contemporary bulb. The problem is which you’re searching for to dispose of darkness from the room, no longer the ceiling. LEDs treatment this problem surely and deliver the economic, monetary savings lower back in phrases of the device’s not unusual energy typical overall performance.

7. LEDs Have varieties Design Flexibility:

Due to LEDs are so small, they may be utilized in clearly any software you can consider. They may be combined in bunches for a traditional bulb, applied in isolation as a small device slight, or strung out in collection in a linear fashion. Just approximately everything you may consider may be completed with LEDs.

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8. LEDs are Solid State Lights (SSLs):

LEDs are sturdy U. S. Lights. This method that the traditional glass bulb surrounding the mild is genuinely unnecessary.

9. LED Dimming Capability:

LEDs are able to carry out at simply any percent in their rated power (0 to a hundred%). Of the announcement, they do require hardware particular to LED technology so that you can dim (that means you can not use the dimming device for an incandescent bulb or extraordinary traditional lighting fixtures generation). High superb of jogging LEDs at masses a whole lot less than complete strength is they get extra standard overall performance due to the fact the strength is decreased. This furthermore will grow the whole lifespan of the moderate itself. Both of these advantages are absent with technology like metal halides that, during fact, get tons less inexperienced at lower energy and, in lots of times, cannot be dimmed in any respect.

10. LEDs Provide Turn On and Do Not Have Issues with Multiple Frequent Switching:

LEDs set off and rancid right now. There isn’t always any warmth-up period, like inside the case of steel halide lamps. Additionally, commonplace switching doesn’t motive degradation within the tool.

11. LED Lights are Environmentally Safe:

LEDs do no longer have the environmental troubles not unusual to traditional lights solutions like fluorescent or mercury vapor lights. Both of these conventional solutions incorporate mercury inner to the bulb and, therefore, require specific managing at the forestall of the product’s beneficial lifespan. None of those concerns are vital with LEDs.

12. LEDs Produce Virtually Zero UV Emissions:

LEDs emit the huge majority of their strength within the seen spectrum, a small quantity in the infrared spectrum, and in reality, none in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum. This way that LEDs are able to as it should be and reliably mild up UV touchy devices like artwork with a view to harm down and degrade over time if uncovered to this shape of emission.

13. LEDs Operate on Very Low Voltage:

In often, LEDs perform on very low voltages. This makes them appropriate for use in outdoor lights applications in which different lighting won’t meet code collectively with oceanfront houses wherein the ground diploma of the belongings is in a flood area.

14. LEDs Operate Well in Cool and Hot Temperatures:

LEDs paintings well in a big form of operating temperatures without remarkable degradation.

15. Correlated Color Temperature (CCT):

LEDs are to be had in a massive fashion of correlated color temperature (CCT) values. They may be bought with a “warmth,” yellowish glow, a “cool,” white mild, and a selection of several alternatives. You can take a look at more approximately CCT right proper right here.

Seven mild LEDs are converting power green lighting solutions.

All in all, LEDs are a sincerely beneficial era that is fast becoming the number one choice of residential and corporation belongings developers, facility operators, and lighting professionals alike. If you’re seeking out greater records on LEDs or are considering an LED lighting conversion.

An Overview to Microsoft Dynamics AX, GP and NAV

In today’s date, you cannot extend and grow your business without utilizing the digital platform. Businesses are no longer set in bricks and concrete, customer demands are no longer the same, advertisement and customer service has also upgraded. In order to keep up with the industry, you need to find and implesment a thorough and powerful ERP and CRM solution. Microsoft has been catering to business owners for years, in this context. Microsoft Dynamics AX is one of the most versatile and sought after ERP solution in the market. Here we will discuss how the application and its counter parts help your business grow. You can choose between Microsoft Dynamics GP AX NAV for small business.

How do Microsoft Dynamics GP, AX and NAV help your business?

Dynamics AX is Microsoft’s enterprise-level ERP and MRP solution that is the most preferred business solution in the business sector. First we will discuss the reasons to choose Microsoft Dynamics AX.

  1. Microsoft Dynamics AX is made to cater to businesses that have a yearly turn-over of around 1 Million, and employee strength, greater than 1000. Thus, if your business fits the respective criteria, Dynamics AX will prove to be the best business solution for you.
  2. Dynamics AX is particularly and strategically devised to fit the needs of businesses that operate in the distribution, supply-chain, manufacturing, supply chain and retail industries.
  3. It proves a lot helpful for the businesses that aspire expand or are growing overseas. With its multi-country, multi-currency, multi-sites, multi languages features, dealing overseas becomes easy.
  4. The business solution has rich features and high-functioning integration capabilities to support businesses.

Like any other business solution, Microsoft Dynamics AX GP NAV for small business also has draw backs. They are as follows (for Dynamics AX):

  1. In order to blend in perfectly and work perfectly for your organization, Dynamics AX requires a year of on-site implementation. 
  2. The cost and time of implementation is comparatively high.

Next to Dynamics AX, we will discuss how Microsoft GP of Microsoft Dynamics GP, AX and NAV. What are the ways that GP helps you?

  1. When it comes to mid-level organizations and their easy customizations, Dynamics GP proves to be the best off-the-shelf solution developed by Microsoft.
  2. It suits the integration needs of the user companies with the help of its coordinating applications like eConnect, Extender etc. It also helps eCommerce sites.
  3. One of the features of Dynamics GP is ISV which offers independent software vendors or third party vendor products as a part of the solution suit, to the client companies. The application is also popular for fast implementation.
  4. It is best suited for companies functioning in the distribution industry as it has strong financial management functionalities.
  5. Among the Microsoft Dynamics applications, Dynamics GP takes least time to be implemented and is the most cost effective one.

Last but not the least, we will discuss about Dynamics NAV among Microsoft Dynamics AX, GP, NAV for small businesses. The following are the benefits that you can get from Dynamics NAV:

  1. Microsoft Dynamics NAV supports great customizable facilities.
  2. With little customizations here and there, the application fits perfectly with the business workflow of the client companies, without any complexity or difficulty.
  3. Dynamics NAV works both ways. It suits and meets the needs of small to medium sized businesses and helps there development, it also helps to deal with the business processes of enterprise-level organizations.
  4. UI is important for companies and organizations. Dynamics has implemented UI in the smoothest way possible and thus, the end users are satisfied with its usage. The features of Microsoft Dynamics NAV allow the users to create and modify forms, reports and pages, etc.

In spite of some very strong benefits, Dynamics NAV is not free of flaws. The following are some of them:

  1. Dynamics NAV has now upgraded to Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central with newer and more advanced functionalities. This application is available, both in cloud and on-premise version. This application, however, is not available everywhere and upgrade to this system from worn-out versions of NAV may prove to be hazardous.
  2. Even though NAV considerably benefits the business processes of companies and organizations that are dealing in distribution and manufacturing, it fails to beat Dynamics GP in finance management.

All the applications have their own strengths and weaknesses. To choose the best one for your business, realize the needs of your company and thus make the decision.


This article is a comparison of capabilities among Microsoft Dynamics AX, GP and NAV.